I am hoping this will be an easy spot for my students to review what we have covered this week for Classical Conversations Essentials grammar, writing, and homework assignments. I hope you find this post useful, even if it is a little rough. I didn’t want to spend too much time getting my rough draft down on paper, but will try and fine tune it as the years go by. For those of you who are just starting to follow me, or learning what the Essentials program is. It is a 3 year study of the English language. Each year is exactly the same program as the previous year, but the students are challenged with harder sentences and more polished writing assignments.
This week we plan to study the Sentence Pattern S-Vt-IO-DO, Complex sentence structures, Adjectival Clauses, Adverbial Clauses, and review Pronouns/Nouns.
Direct Object = Noun that answers the question Who? Or What?
S-Vt-DO (sentence pattern)
“Jake kicked the captain.”
IO=Indirect Object = Noun or pronoun located b/t the Vt and the DO and tells to whom or for whom the action is done & who is receiving the DO.
REVIEW Chart E, F (nouns, pronouns)
Dictate the following simple sentence.
“Creed made a boat.” (S-Vt-DO)
“Creed made me a boat.” (S-Vt-IO-DO)
We must ask a new question….
More examples to diagram in class:
“Reuben gave candy.”
“Reuben gave me candy.”
Remember!!! A sentence will not have an IO without a DO.
New Sentence Structure + review the previous 2 learned.
Simple Sentence Structure = One independent clause
Compound Sentence Structure = 2x independent clauses
Complex Sentence Structure = 1 independent clause + 1 dependent clause (www.asia.wub)
Independent = stand alone = Subject+Verb and can stand alone
Dependent (subordinate) =
“Chloe, who loves animals, owns a dog.”
Don’t use commas if the dependent clause is necessary to identify the noun you are talking about in your sentence
“The girl who loves neon orange owns a dog.”
As opposed to…
“The girl who loves yellow doesn’t own a dog.”
The dependent clause is identifying the correct girl if there are more than one!!!!
3 different types of clauses: (we will discuss the first 2 today)
Subordinate Clauses can have their own sentence patterns (S-Vt-DO) that are different from the independent clause pattern (e.g. S-Vt-IO-DO)
“Alaska, which is sizeable, is a fun place to live.”
“The bus which is yellow drives slowly.”
“The students, who are excellent listeners, are also well behaved.”
“While she eats dinner, Michelle likes to drink water.”
“Michelle likes to drink water while she eats dinner.”
“When he ran fast, Reuben became exhausted.”
“Reuben became exhausted when he ran fast.”
Make a note to students that Prepositional Phrases (example: “into the woods”) don’t act the same way as clauses.
HOMEWORK for Grammar!!
Study New Chart M
Review previous charts (A, E, F, H, L)
Analytical Task Sheet – Practice Sentences (pg 213) – Task 1-4 for each sentence.
REVIEW: Read papers out loud for 10minutes
#3 –LY Adverb openers
“The children built a snowman.”
USHBW Lesson 16, Page 125
Finish writing your paragraph using your fused outline. Use your #3 -LY Adverb opener plus as many other dress-ups as you can manage easily. Remember!! Easy+1 and Scale, Scale, Scale!!