S-Vt-IO-DO Complex Imperative Active & Passive Voice
Imperative = Sentence Purpose
- Issues a command
- Subject is implied “You” and always in the second person
Complex = Sentence Structure
- 1 independent clause + 1 dependent clause
IO = Indirect Object
- Noun or pronoun located b/t the Vt and the DO and tells to whom or for whom the action is done & who is receiving the DO.
- IO ALWAYS comes before the DO
- If it has a DO it MUST have an IO
Dictate Sentence, then write sentence on board + tutor diagrams after they answer each question/write on their own board first.
“Give your son your old car when you buy yourself a new one.”
- Where is the dependent clause and what word does it start with? = Coordinating conjunction “When” (www.asia.wub)
- Memorize relative pronouns and subordinating conjunctions so you can identify dependent clauses
- Who is the sentence about? You
- You did what? Give
- You gave who or what? Car
- Can “car” replace or describe You? No
- So therefore we can now label the verb Vt and call “car” the DO
- Who is receiving the DO? Son is the IO
- Dependent clause adjectival or adverbial? Adverbial = Answers question “Under what condition”
NEW Grammar – Week 14
Verbs -Passive Voice vs Active Voice
Verbs = can be passive or active voice
Active Voice = subject is performing the action/verb
“Jake saved the girl from the burning fire.” (S-Vt-DO)
“I admire his courage.” (S-Vt-DO)
“The flood destroyed the house.” (S-Vt-DO)
“Michelle bought Chloe a new toy.” (S-Vt-IO-DO)
Passive Voice = subject receives the action/verb
How to Change Active to Passive Voice
- A helping Verb (Vh) is needed – (helping verbs: do, does, did, has, have, had, am, are, is, was, were, be, being, been, may, must, might, should, could, would, shall, will, can)
- The original verb becomes a past participle (Chart C)
- If the sentence contains a DO (Direct Object), it will become the subject.
“The flood destroyed the house.” (Active)
“The house was being destroyed by the flood.” (Passive)
“Apple created the iPad.” (Active)
“The iPad was created by Apple.” (Passive)
“Jake saved the girl from the burning fire.” (Active)
“The girl was saved from the burning fire by Jake.” (Passive)
HOMEWORK for Grammar!!
- Study new chart DD
- Review previous charts (A, E, H, I, L, M)
- Analytical Task Sheet – Practice Sentences (pg 229) – Diagram and perform EEL Tasks 1-4
IEW Unit 6 (summarizing multiple references)
REVIEW: Read papers out loud for 10 minutes
#4 –ing opener
- Begin the opening sentence with an –ing word that explains what the subject of the sentence is doing.
- Living in a straw house, teh first pig was in danger.
- Thinking he was safe in his house of sticks, the second pig slept soundly
- Huffing and puffing, the wolf easily obtained two meals
- The thing after the comma MUST be the thing doing the thinging.
- Invisible –ing openers (being, seeming, or appearing)
- Frustrated, the wolf decided to come down the chimney.
BANNED ADJECTIVES = Good & Bad
- Previously banned = pretty, ugly big, a lot
HOMEWORK for IEW
USHBW Lesson 17 or 18 (your choice)
Vocabulary (tedious, implement, scrutinize, potential)